PAPER TOWNS is a series grown out of landscape works. It is a concurrent series to GHOST TOWNS. PAPER TOWNS is more about the places themselves, rather than the human aspects, stories that are part of GHOST TOWNS (see Ghost Towns page). This series title refers to an old map maker's "trick". When maps were drawn by hand, map makers would include a town on their maps that did not exist. They did this as a way of insuring that their maps were not copied by forgers. If a map was a copy (forgery) the non-existent town would be included in the forgery. Since those "towns" only existed on the maps as fictions, they were referred to as "Paper Towns". The works in this series are a sort of "fiction" as well. They are about a sense of place rather than actual places. The maps used in these works are a mechanism to both ground the images as "places" and, at the same time, refer to their "fictional" element.